What is web hosting
Providing access to websites and storage for individuals and companies that own websites is called web hosting. This Internet hosting service enables organizations and individuals to make the websites they have access to on the World Wide Web. The service also allows organizations and individuals to earn content on their websites. A company that provides space on a server is called a hosting company. This host may own or hire the server to provide web space as well as providing internet access, such as a data center. Web hosting also uses colocation, this is where they provide data center space in their data center in addition to internet connection for servers that they do not own.
Typically, a company will provide basic hosting services, but recently bundle packages have become available to subscribers. Therefore, a company, in addition to offering basic web hosting services, may also offer domain name DNS hosting, this is a service that would be included in a domain name registration bid. The company can also offer email hosting service in its bundled packages.
By uploading via file transfer protocol FTP or web interface, a web host can provide basic services like smallscale files and web hosting. With this service, there is little or no change of the files delivered to the web, usually loaded with little or no processing. The base service is usually offered by ISPs to subscribers. However, subscribers also have the opportunity to access web pages from other service providers if they choose it. While a complex site, such as one that will provide database support and application development platforms, will require more comprehensive web hosting packages, such as ColdFusion, Java, Ruby on Rails, ASP.Net and PHP, personal web pages require only a hosting company.
The direction that data can be transferred to, from a client to a server and how fast it takes to upload information is called upstream. Upstream speeds are usually faster as required by web server applications and similar processes to send critical data at fast speed. Downstream speed is usually required by the average home user on the Internet to download information and usually does not need to be fast. With the exception of the peer to peer software, which are the applications that allow computers to network or communicate without any stable host in the middle. This application, now running social networks, and facilitates file sharing systems requires speed when downloading information.
The time a user has access to on the internet is called uptime. Most suppliers aim for three quarters of an hours downtime in a month or less, in other words they aim at approximately 99.9% uptime. Of course, there is always the planned or unplanned maintenance time that may occur in any host environment. This interruption of the Internet users online time may not be included in the specified time schedule, by the host providers Service Level Agreement SLA. Fortunately, some vendors will include in their Service Level Agreement a guarantee for a certain uptime, which includes a refund of money or a reduced cost if the guaranteed guaranteed uptime is not achieved.
Types of Host
There are many different types of web hosting services provided by different companies, such as Shared, Managed, Cloud, Colocation, Free, Grid, Clustered, and Home Server Hosting. Host service providers have been known to provide specific services such as file, service, image, video, blog and oneclick hotels. In addition, they have also been known to offer pastebin shopping cart and email hosting services. Another type of web hosting that is quite common is to sell web hosting. This allows clients to also take the role of web hosting, a virtual dedicated server or a virtual private server VPS.